To build and sustain a corruption-free society in Zimbabwe.
To combat corruption, economic crimes, abuse of power and other improprieties
in Zimbabwe through public education, prevention, investigation and prosecution.
Unhu/ubuntu (Local Language which means all
the items listed below): Impartiality
Transparency and Accountability
INTRODUCING THE ANTI-CORRUPTION
COMMSSION OF ZIMBABWE (ACCZ)
1. Legal Status
The Anti-Corruption Commission of Zimbabwe (ACCZ) is young, having come
into being on 8 September 2005 when the first Commissioners were sworn
in. The Commission was established in terms of the Constitution of Zimbabwe
and reports to Parliament through a Minister of State in the President's
Office. As such, the Commission is well placed to discharge its mandate
as provided for in the Anti-Corruption Commission Act Chapter 9:22
2. International Protocols
Young as it is, the ACCZ is a signatory to the Southern Africa Development
Community (SADC) Protocol as well as the African Union (AU) and United
Nations Convention on Anti-Corruption.
3. Organizational Structure
The Commission consists of 9 Commissioners who are employed full time
and have executive powers. A Chairperson who is assisted by a Deputy Chairperson
heads the Commission. Below the Commissioners is the Secretariat, which
consists of 3 operating arms namely Corruption Prevention and Corporate
Governance; Investigation and Prosecution; and lastly Publicity and Education.
4. Mandate of the ACCZ
The mandate of the Commission is derived from the provisions of the Constitution
as well as the Act. The Act gives the Commission a three-pronged approach
in the fight against corruption namely Public Education, Corruption Prevention
and finally Investigation and Prosecution. Public Education involves creating
public awareness about all aspects of corruption, whilst corruption prevention
deals with all measures that are taken to prevent corruption. The investigation
and prosecution function involves the investigation of all reported cases
and the prosecution of offenders in the Courts.
The Constitution gives the ACCZ the following
- To combat corruption, theft, misappropriation, abuse
of power and other forms of improprieties in the conduct of affairs;
in both the public and private sectors
- To make recommendations to the Government and to organizations
in the private sector on measures to enhance integrity and accountability
and to prevent improprieties; and
- To exercise any other functions that may be conferred
or imposed on the Commission by or under an Act of Parliament.
5. Prevention Function
Regarding the prevention of corruption, the Act gives the Commission the following detailed functions;
- To monitor and examine the practices, systems and procurement procedures of public and private sector institutions
- To instruct, advise and assist any officer, agency or institution in the elimination or minimization of corruption
- To assist in the formulation of practices, systems and procurement procedures of public and private sector institutions with a view to the elimination of corrupt practices
- To advise on ways of strengthening anti-corruption legislation
- To recommend to the Government that it ratify and domesticate relevant international legal instruments aimed at combating corruption
6. Definition of Corruption
In Zimbabwe the definition of corruption is a legal matter. The ACCZ is mandated to deal with economic crimes as prescribed in a number of stipulated Acts. The Acts relate to a wide range of offences such as dealing in precious minerals, dealing in drugs, violation of exchange control regulations, immigration offences and money laundering. Over and above these offences, the Criminal Law Code gives a number of offences as listed below:
- Corruptly using a false document
- Corruptly concealing a transaction from a principal
- Corruptly concealing from a principal a personal interest in a transaction and
- Criminal abuse of duty as a public officer.
Therefore any morally unacceptable behavior has to be criminalized first, before it can be sanctioned using the Law.
The ACCZ has produced a road map in the fight against corruption in Zimbabwe.
The Strategic Plan 2006-9 contains an array of programs that are set to
make a significant impact to the economy. The fundamental strategy is
to mobilize all segments of society in a co-ordinated effort that revolves
around the ACCZ.
The launch of the Anti-Corruption Commission of Zimbabwe in September
2006 has laid the foundation for a well-coordinated fight against corruption
for the benefit of the entire economy.
Mr. E Madzingira
Anti-Corruption Commission of Zimbabwe